Handbook of the Ainu Language
Anna Bugaeva

The volume is aimed at preserving invaluable knowledge about Ainu, a language-isolate previously spoken in Hokkaido, Sakhalin, and Kurils, which is now on the verge of extinction. Ainu was not a written language, but it possesses a huge documented stock of oral literature, yet is significantly under-described in terms of grammar. It is the only non-Japonic language of Japan and is typologically different not only from Japanese but also from other Northeast Asian languages. Revolving around but not confined to its head-marking and polysynthetic character, Ainu manifests many typologically interesting phenomena, related in particular to the combinability of various voice markers and noun incorporation. Other interesting features of Ainu include vowel co-occurrence restrictions, a mixed system of expressing grammatical relations, which includes the elements of a rare tripartite alignment, nominal classification distinguishing common and locative nouns, elaborate possessive classes, verbal number, a rich four-term evidential system, and undergrammaticalized aspect, which are all explained in the volume. This handbook, the result of unprecedented cooperation of the leading experts of Ainu, will definitely help to increase the clarity of our understanding of Ainu and in a long-term perspective may provide answers to problems of human prehistory as well as open the field of Ainu studies to the world and attract many new students. Table of Contents Masayoshi Shibatani and Taro KageyamaPreface Masayoshi Shibatani and Taro KageyamaIntroduction to the Handbook of Japanese Language and Linguistics Contributors Anna BugaevaIntroduction I Overview of Ainu studies Anna Bugaeva1. Ainu: A head-marking language of the Pacific Rim Juha Janhunen2. Ainu ethnic origins Tomomi Satō3. Major old documents of Ainu and some problems in the historical study of Ainu Alfred F. Majewicz4. Ainu language Western records José Andrés Alonso de la Fuente5. The Ainu language through time Alexander Vovin6. Ainu elements in early Japonic Hidetoshi Shiraishi and Itsuji Tangiku7. Language contact in the north Hiroshi Nakagawa and Mika Fukazawa8. Hokkaido Ainu dialects: Towards a classification of Ainu dialects Itsuji Tangiku9. Differences between Karafuto and Hokkaido Ainu dialects Shiho Endō10. Ainu oral literature Osami Okuda11. Meter in Ainu oral literature Tetsuhito Ōno12. The history and current status of the Ainu language revival movement II Typologically interesting characteristics of the Ainu language Hidetoshi Shiraishi13. Phonetics and phonology Hiroshi Nakagawa14. Parts of Speech – with a focus on the classification of nouns Anna Bugaeva and Miki Kobayashi15. Verbal valency Tomomi Satō16. Noun incorporation Hiroshi Nakagawa17. Verbal number Yasushige Takahashi18. Aspect and evidentiality Yoshimi Yoshikawa19. Existential aspectual forms in the Saru and Chitose dialects of Ainu III Appendices: Sample texts Anna Bugaeva20. An uwepeker “Retar Katak, Kunne Katak” and kamuy yukar “Amamecikappo” narrated in the Chitose Hokkaido Ainu dialect by Ito Oda Elia dal Corso21. “Meko Oyasi”, a Sakhalin Ainu ucaskuma narrated by Haru Fujiyama Subject index

De Gruyter Mouton
Год издания:

Полный текст книги доступен студентам и сотрудникам МФТИ через Личный кабинет https://profile.mipt.ru/services/.

После авторизации пройдите по ссылке «Books.mipt.ru Электронная библиотека МФТИ»